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Export of Shell Eggs and Products 2018.

03/09/2019

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing 2018 with 2017:-

PRODUCT

2017

2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

125.4

122.1

-3.3 (-2.6%)

Value ($ million)

129.8

132.4

+2.6 (+2.0%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

1.04

1.08

+0.04 (+3.9%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

43,515

31,837

-11,678 (-26.8%)

Value ($ million)

119.3

110.6

-8.7 (-7.2%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,741

3,474

+733 (+26.7%)

 

 

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN 2018 COMPARED WITH 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during 2018 decreased by 2.6 percent in volume but increased 2.6 percent in total value compared to 2017. Unit value was higher by 3.9 percent or 4 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top two importing nations represented 80.6 percent of volume and 76.9 percent of value.

 

Canada was the leading importer in 2018, with 52.6 million dozen representing 43.1 percent of volume and 44.1 percent of the value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $1.12 cents per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by their national controlled marketing system.

Hong Kong ranked a close second in imports during 2018 with 45.8 million dozen representing 337.5 percent of volume and 32.7 percent of value at $43.3 million with a unit value of $0.95 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during 2018 with 4.8 percent of volume and 4.0 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 6.0 percent of export volume in 2018. This region was down 55.8 percent in volume and 37.6 percent in value compared with 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $1.93 per dozen for 2018 which appears inordinately high compared with the average export realization, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

The Middle East Region imported 7.0 million dozen during 2018 valued at $6.4 million with a unit price of 91 cents per dozen. Volume and value were respectively lower by 63.3 percent and 57.6 percent compared with 2017 influenced by AI and fipronil.

Israel has emerged as an importer attributed to depletion of domestic flocks due to SE.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during 2018 decreased by 26.8 percent and total value was lower by 7.2 percent compared to 2017. Unit value increased by 26.7 percent to $3,474 per ton from $2,741 in 2017.This reflected the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was inflated both by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During 2018, Japan represented 35.2 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 10,357 m. tons, a decrease of 14.1 percent compared with 2017.

Canada ranked second among importers purchasing 5,306 m. tons representing 16.6 percent of volume and 11.8 percent of value exported with a unit price of $2,450 per m. ton.

Mexico was displaced to the 3rd-rank among importers with 4,676 m. tons representing 14.7 percent of volume and 11.7 percent of value at $13.0 million. In 2018 Mexico decreased volume by 24.7 percent and value decreased by 5.8 percent compared to 2017. In November 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico fell by 43.9 percent compared to November 2017 but in December there was an increase in volume of imports to 776 m. tons. This compensatory increase was 174 percent above shipments in December 2017.

During 2018, 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,970 m. tons of egg products, representing 6.2 percent of the volume in 2017 and 8.4 percent of value. Volume of 3,480 m. tons in 2017 was presumably influenced by shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

South Korea, ranked 5th posted a 121.9 percent lower volume for 2018 compared with the previous year that was influenced by HPAI outbreaks. Value declined by 55.8 percent with a unit value of $4,705 per m. ton that is far in excess of the average value of $3,516 denoting a special product mix.

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th to be subsequently ratified by the legislatures of all three signatories. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for 2017 and $89.7 million for 2018.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The ten-month ongoing series of incident cases of END in over 388 backyard flocks, predominantly fighting cocks and recently four commercial farms in Southern California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization. The outbreaks of LPAI in four organic turkey flocks in California and more recently, nine commercial flocks in Minnesota which were depleted under controlled marketing should not impact export of eggs.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.