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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-July 2018.

09/13/2018

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-July 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-

PRODUCT

Jan.-July 2017

Jan.-July 2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

66.3

63.3

-3.0 (-4.5%)

Value ($ million)

63.3

75.2

+11.9 (+15.8%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.96

1.19

+0.23 (+24.0%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

24,921

19,120

-5,801 (-23.3%)

Value ($ million)

64.3

69.0

+4.7 (+7.3%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,580

3,609

+1,029 (+39.9%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN JANUARY-

JULY 2018 COMPARED WITH JANUARY-JULY 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-July 2018 decreased by 3.0 percent in volume but increased 11.9 percent in total value compared to January-July 2017. Unit value was higher by 24.0 percent or 23 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top four importing nations represented 86.4 percent of volume and 79.8 percent of value.

Hong Kong displaced Canada as the leading importer over seven months, with 25.1 million dozen representing 39.7 percent of volume and 32.9 percent of value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $0.98 cents per dozen. Hong Kong increased imports for the first seven months of 2018 by 34.9 percent in volume and 23.3 percent in value ($0.98 per dozen) compared to the corresponding period in 2017.

Canada fell to second-place for January-July 2018 importing 24.0 million dozen U.S. eggs, (37.9 percent of U.S. volume exported) at a value of $30.0 million (33.8 percent of total) and a unit value of $1.25 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during the first seven months of 2018 with 4.9 percent of volume and 4.3 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 7.4 percent of export volume in January-July 2018. This region was down 59.1 percent in volume and 1.9 percent in value compared with January-July 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $2.17 per dozen for the seven-month period in 2018 which appears inordinately high, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during the first seven months of 2018 decreased by 23.3 percent but total value was higher by 4.7 percent compared to January-July 2017. Unit value increased by 39.9 percent to $3,609 per ton from $2,580 in January-July 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was influenced by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-July 2018, Japan represented 36.9 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 7,052 m. tons, an increase of 2.9 percent during the first seven monthsof 2017.

Mexico continued as the 2nd-ranked importer with 2,750 m. tons representing 14.4 percent of volume and 11.6 percent of value at $6.4 million. Mexico decreased volume in January-July 2018 by 26.1 percent but value increased by 19.4 percent compared to the corresponding seven months in 2017. In July 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico stabilized with only a 1.7 percent decline in July 2018 compared to 66.3 percent for the June 2017/2018 comparison.

Canada ranked third among importers attaining 13.8 percent of volume and 9.2 percent of value exported.

For January-July 2018, 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,357 m. tons of egg products, representing 7.1 percent of the volume during the first seven months of 2018. Volume of 1,982 m. tons in 2017 was presumably influenced by supply to demand disequilibrium due to shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

South Korea posted a 78.0 percent lower volume for January-July 2018 compared with the first seven months of the previous year. Value declined by 49.7 percent with a unit value of $5,015per m. ton which is far in excess of the average value of $3,609 denoting a special product mix.

COMMENTS

As prospects for re-negotiation of NAFTA fade it is relevant to recognize that exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease and H5 and H7 avian influenza irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a nationwide or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection. The statutory 90-day period following depletion of an affected flock in Missouri and in Texas has expired.

The recent diagnoses of END in over 125 backyard flocks in five counties and surrounding Counties in California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI.