Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-November 2018.

02/10/2019

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-November 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-

PRODUCT

Jan.-Nov. 2017

Jan.-Nov. 2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

113.4

110.9

-2.5 (-2.2%)

Value ($ million)

114.1

120.0

+5.9 (+5.2%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

1.01

1.08

+0.07 (+6.9%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

40,473

28,921

-11,552 (-28.5%)

Value ($ million)

108.9

101.7

-7.2 (-6.6%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,690

3,516

+826 (+30.7%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN JANUARY-

NOVEMBER 2018 COMPARED WITH JANUARY-NOVEMBER 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-November 2018 decreased by 2.2 percent in volume but increased 5.2 percent in total value compared to January-November 2017. Unit value was higher by 6.9 percent or 7 cents per dozen for the comparison between the first eleven months of 2017 and 2018. The top two importing nations represented 80.2 percent of volume and 76.3 percent of value.

Canada was the leading importer over eleven months, with 46.4 million dozen representing 41.8 percent of volume and 42.8 percent of the value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $1.11 cents per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by a national controlled marketing system.

Hong Kong ranked a close second in imports during the first eleven months of 2018 with 42.5 million dozen representing 38.3 percent of volume and 33.4 percent of value at $40.1 million with a unit value of $0.94 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during the first eleven months of 2018 with 5.1 percent of volume and 4.2 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 5.8 percent of export volume in January-November 2018. This region was down 58.2 percent in volume and 35.3 percent in value compared with January-November 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $2.00 per dozen for the eleven-month period in 2018 which appears inordinately high compared with the average export realization, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

The Middle East Region imported 6.7 million dozen over the eleven month period valued at $6.1 million with a unit price of 91 cents per dozen. Volume and value were respectively lower by 64.4 percent and 58.5 percent compared with the corresponding eleven months in 2017 that were influenced by AI and fipronil. Israel has emerged as an importer attributed to depletion of flocks due to SE.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during the first eleven months of 2018 decreased by 28.5 percent and total value was lower by 6.6 percent compared to January-November 2017. Unit value increased by 30.7 percent to $3,516 per ton from $2,690 for January-November 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was inflated by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-November 2018, Japan represented 33.6 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 9,781 m. tons, a decrease of 13.1 percent over the first eleven months of 2017.

Canada ranked second among importers purchasing 4,701 m. tons representing 24.0 percent of volume and 17.1 percent of value exported with a unit price of $2,329 per m. ton.

Mexico was displaced to the 3rd-ranked importer with 3,900 m. tons representing 13.5 percent of volume and 10.9 percent of value at $11.1 million. In 2018 Mexico decreased volume by 33.5 percent and total value decreased by 13.3 percent compared to the corresponding eleven months of 2017. In November 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico fell by 43.9 percent compared to November 2017.

For January-November 2018, the 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,870 m. tons of egg products, representing 6.5 percent of the volume during the first eleven months of 2017 and 8.5 percent of value. Volume of 2,251 m. tons in 2017 was presumably influenced by shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

South Korea posted a 79.2 percent lower volume for January-November 2018 compared with the first eleven months of the previous year influenced by HPAI outbreaks. Value declined by 56.3 percent with a unit value of $4,675 per m. ton that is far in excess of the average value of $3,516 denoting a special product mix.

Taiwan increased imports of egg products in November to 180 m. tons valued at $0.6 million with a unit price of $3,333 per m. ton.

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th to be subsequently ratified by the legislatures of all three signatories. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for calendar 2017 and $79.1 million for the first eleven months of 2018.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease and isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The ten-month ongoing series of incident cases of END in over 360 backyard flocks, predominantly fighting cocks and recently four commercial farms in Southern California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization. The outbreaks of LPAI in four organic turkey flocks in California and more recently, nine commercial flocks in Minnesota should not impact export of eggs.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.






























































































































































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