CDC Report Emphasizes Value of EQAPs


The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the week of April 26th (Volume 68:369-373) noted that a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis was traced back to a single farm that was not in compliance with the FDA Final Rule on Salmonella Prevention.

During the period 2015 through 2018, FoodNet, the active population-based surveillance system for laboratory-diagnosed infections, recorded an incidence rate of 18.3 cases per 100,000 population for all Salmonella infections. Salmonella Enteritidis was an important serotype contributing to diagnosed cases but in contrast to previous years, the vehicle of infection includes poultry meat and produce in contrast to eggs.

The trend in the incidence of egg-borne salmonellosis since introduction of Egg Quality Assurance Programs (EQAPs) introduced by states, the UEP and producers that preceded the FDA Final Rule of 2010 clearly attests to the value of industry initiatives These comprise placement of chicks from NPIP-certified hatcheries, vaccination, biosecurity and mandated periodic assay of flocks for Group-D Salmonella. The remaining risk to consumers is from flocks flying under the FDA radar based on size or where small-scale farmers deviate from prudent and established good production practices.