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Export of Shell Eggs and Products 2019.

02/08/2020

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing 2019 with the corresponding period in 2018:-

PRODUCT

2018

2019

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

122.1

145.8

+23.7 (+19.4%)

Value ($ million)

132.4

118.0

-14.4 (-10.9%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

1.08

0.81

-0.27 (-25.0%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

31,837

32,937

-1,100 (-3.5%)

Value ($ million)

101.6

100.2

-9.4 (-8.5%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

3,474

3,042

-432 (-12.4%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING

2019 COMPARED WITH 2018

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during 2019 increased by 19.4 percent in volume but declined 10.9 percent in total value compared to 2018. Unit value was lower by 25.0 percent or 27 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2018 and 2019. The top two importers, Hong Kong and Canada combined represented 69.7 percent of volume and 67.6 percent of total value.

 

Hong Kong was the leading importer of shell eggs in 2019, with 52.6 million dozen representing 36.1 percent of volume and 37.0 percent of the total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs. Average unit value was $0.83 cents per dozen, above the average USDA benchmark price for nest-run during the third quarter.

 

Canada was the 2nd-ranked importer during 2019 with 49.0 million dozen representing 33.6 percent of volume and 30.6 percent of total value at $36.1 million with a unit value of $0.74 per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by their national controlled marketing system

 

Mexico was a distant third in rank during 2019 with 18.5 percent of volume and 15.8 percent of total value and with a unit value of $0.69 per dozen. Prospects for additional sales will depend on acceptance of washed eggs held under refrigeration for retail sale, announced in September 2018. For 2019 imports of shell eggs by Mexico increased by 289 percent and value by 251 percent compared to 2018. In December Mexico imported 1.8 million dozen, up 800 percent from December 2018.

 

The Caribbean Region represented 4.5 percent of export volume for 2019. This region was down 9.5 percent in volume and 36.8 percent in total value, an obvious decline compared with 2018. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $1.35 per dozen in 2019 ($1.93 over entire 2018) which appears high compared with the average export realization, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price. It is most probable that a proportion of shell eggs enumerated may have been either fertile hatching eggs or enriched specialty eggs.

 

The Middle East Region imported 6.0 million dozen during 2019 valued at $4.8 million with a unit price of $0.88 per dozen. Volume and value were respectively lower by 14.3 percent and 17.1 percent compared to 2018. Southern E.U. nations in addition to India and Ukraine have a transport advantage over the U.S in this market.

 

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during 2019 decreased by 3.5 percent and total value was lower by 8.5 percent compared to 2018. Unit value decreased by 12.4 percent to $3,042 per ton from $3,474 obtained in 2018. This decline reflected the relationship between World supply and demand with Ukraine and India as significant exporters.

 

During 2019, 1st-ranked Japan represented 26.9 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 8,855 metric tons, a decrease of 14.5 percent compared with 2018. The high unit value of $3,896 per metric ton reflects the product mix including yolks.

 

Mexico was the second ranked importer in 2019 receiving 6,397 metric tons comprising 19.4 percent of volume and 13.8 percent of value exported with a unit price of $2,157 per metric ton

 

Canada represented a close 3rd in rank among importers purchasing 5,358 m. tons comprising 19.3 percent of volume and 12.2 percent of value ($12.3 million) exported with a unit price of $1,935 per metric ton. During 2019 Canada increased volume by 19.8 percent but value fell by 0.7 percent compared to 2018.

 

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of negotiations to replace NAFTA led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018. The since-modified agreement will have to be ratified by the Parliament of Canada 17 months after after signing the basic trade pact. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for 2017, $89.7 million for 2018 and $80.8 million in 2019.

 

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of either H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

 

The twenty one -month ongoing series of incident cases of END involving four small commercial units and 473 backyard flocks comprising a high proportion of game fowl (fighting cocks) is not yet over. Extension of the infection to four commercial farms in Southern California in late 2018 did not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

 

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.