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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January 2020.

03/14/2020

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January 2020 with the corresponding month in 2019:-

PRODUCT

Jan. 2019

Jan. 2020

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

8.0

10.1

+2.1 (+26.3%)

Value ($ million)

8.2

8.5

+0.3 (+3.7%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

1.03

0.84

-0.24 (-13.3%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

2,680

3,266

+586 (+21.9%)

Value ($ million)

8.7

9.1

+0.4 (+4.6%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

3,246

2,786

-460 (-14.2%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING

JANUARY 2019 COMPARED WITH JANUARY 2020

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January 2020 increased by 26.3 percent in volume and increased 3.7 percent in total value compared to January 2019. Unit value was lower by 13.3 percent or 24 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2020 and 2019. The top two importers, Hong Kong and Mexico combined represented 72.3 percent of volume and 67.4 percent of total value.

Hong Kong was the leading importer of shell eggs in January 2020, with 4 million dozen representing 39.6 percent of volume and 39.5 percent of the $8.6 million total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs. Average unit value was $0.78 cents per dozen, above the average USDA benchmark price for nest-run during the third quarter.

Mexico was second in rank during 2019 with 3.3 million dozen representing 32.6 percent of volume and 27.9 percent of total value attaining a unit value of $0.73 per dozen. Prospects for additional sales will depend on continued acceptance of washed eggs held under refrigeration for retail sale, first announced in September 2018. For January 2020 imports of shell eggs by Mexico increased by 371 percent and value by 380 percent compared to January 2019. In December 2019 Mexico imported 1.8 million dozen, up 800 percent from December 2018.

Canada was a distant 3rd in rank as an importer during January 2020 with 0.9 million dozen representing 8.9 percent of volume and 8.1 percent of total value at $0.7 million with a unit value of $0.78 per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by their national controlled marketing system

The Caribbean Region represented 6.9 percent of export volume for January 2020. This region was up 16.6 percent in volume and 17.9 percent in total value, an obvious improvement compared with January 2019. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $0.85 per dozen. ($1.35 during 2019). This appeared high compared with the average export realization, most probably because a proportion of shell eggs enumerated previously may have been either fertile hatching eggs or enriched specialty eggs.

The Middle East Region imported 0.9 million dozen during 2019 valued at $0.8 million with a unit price of $0.89 per dozen. Volume and value in January 2020 were respectively higher by 50.0 percent and 60.0 percent compared to January 2019. Southern E.U. nations in addition to India and Ukraine have a competitive transport advantage over the U.S in this market.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during January 2020 increased by 21.9 percent and total value was higher by 4.6 percent compared to January 2019. Unit value decreased by 14.2 percent to $2,786 per ton from $3,246 obtained in January 2019. This decline reflected the relationship between World supply and demand with Ukraine and India as significant exporters.

Mexico was the leading importer in January 2020 receiving 897 metric tons comprising 27.5 percent of volume and 17.5 percent of value exported with a unit price of $1,783 per metric ton

During January 2020, 2nd-ranked Japan represented 25.4 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 3,266 metric tons, an increase of 22.8 percent compared with January 2019. The high unit value of $3,378 per metric ton reflects the product mix including yolks. With conclusion of a bilateral trade agreement the U.S. will no longer be at a competitive disadvantage with respect to the E.U.

Canada represented a distant 3rd in rank among importers purchasing 452 metric tons tons comprising 13.8 percent of volume and 11.0 percent of the $1.0 million in value exported with a unit price of $2,212 per metric ton. During January 2020 Canada increased volume by 52.1 percent and value by 42.8 percent compared to the corresponding month in 2019.

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of negotiations to replace NAFTA led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018. The since-modified agreement will have to be ratified by the Parliament of Canada, 17 months after after signing the basic trade pact and subsequent to ratification by Congress and the Senate of Mexico in 2019. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017, $89.7 million in 2018 and $80.8 million in 2019.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of either H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The twenty two-month ongoing series of incident cases of END involving four small commercial units and 476 backyard flocks comprising a high proportion of game fowl (fighting cocks) is coming to an end according to incident rates. Extension of the infection to four commercial farms in Southern California in late 2018 did not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.