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Export of Shell Eggs and Products in 2020.

02/07/2021

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing 2019 with 2020:-

 

PRODUCT

2019

2020

Difference

Shell Eggs

Volume (m. dozen)

145.8

149.6

+3.8 (+2.6%)

Value ($ million)

118.1

124.9

+6.8 (+5.8%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.810

0.834

+0.24 (+3.0%)

Egg Products

Volume (metric tons)

32,895

36,093

 +3,198 (+9.7%)

Value ($ million)

100.2

99.0

-1.2 (-1.2%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

3,046

2,742

-304 (-9.9%)

 

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING 2019 COMPARED WITH 2020

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

 

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during 2020 increased by 2.6 percent in volume and 5.8 percent in total value compared to 2019. Unit value was 3.0 percent higher or 2.4 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2019 and 2020. The top two importers, Hong Kong and Mexico combined, represented 66.1 percent of volume and 58.0 percent of total value.

 

Mexico was the leading importer of shell eggs during 2020 with 51.5 million dozen representing 34.4 percent of volume and 28.2 percent of total value corresponding to a unit value of $0.68 per dozen. Prospects for additional sales will depend on continued acceptance of washed, white-shelled eggs held under refrigeration for retail sale, first announced in September 2018 but implemented in late 2019. For 2020 imports of shell eggs by Mexico increased by 90.0 percent in volume and 89.2 percent in value compared to 2019. During December 2020 1st-ranked Mexico imported 6.0 million dozen from the U.S., up 233.3 percent from December 2019 and valued at $4.3 million with a unit price of 71.7 cents per dozen, consistent with the USDA benchmark nest-run production cost.

 

Hong Kong was the second-ranked importer of shell eggs in 2020, with 47.4 million dozen representing 31.7 percent of volume and 29.8 percent of the $124.9 million total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs. Average unit value was $0.78 cents per dozen, similar to the average prevailing nest-run USDA benchmark price during the first three quarters of 2020.

 

Canada was a distant third in rank as an importer during 2020 with 21.5 million dozen representing 14.4 percent of volume and 18.3 percent of total value at $22.8 million with a unit value of $1.06 per dozen. Canada reduced volume by 56.1 percent during 2020 compared to 2019. With the advent of COVID-19, April consignments of shell eggs were down 80.6 percent from 2019 and in May, June and July exports were negligible. During August 2020 exports resumed with 3.2 million dozen shipped followed by 4.2 million dozen in September, 4.0 million dozen in October but a sharp decrease to 1.0 million dozen in November and 2.8 million dozen in December. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by a national controlled marketing system that reduced farmers’ quotas.

 

The Middle East Region imported 12.1 million dozen during 2020 valued at $9.7 million with a unit price of $0.80 per dozen. Volume and value in 2020 were respectively higher by 101.7 percent and 83.0 percent compared to 2019. Southern E.U. nations in addition to India and Ukraine have a competitive transport advantage over the U.S in this market. Within the Middle East region the UAE ranked as the 4th largest importer from the U.S. with a volume of 7.5 million dozen. Israel did not import any appreciable quantity of U.S. shell eggs during September through December but 2020 total amounted to 2.3 million dozen.

 

The Caribbean Region represented 6.4 percent of export volume for 2020. This region was up 43.9 percent in volume and 31.8 percent in total value, an obvious improvement compared with 2019. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean apparently averaged $1.22 per dozen, ($1.33 during 2019). This is disproportionately high compared with the average export realization, most probably because a proportion of shell eggs enumerated may have been either fertile hatching eggs or enriched specialty eggs.

 

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during 2020 increased by 9.7 percent 36,093 metric tons but total value of $99 million was lower by 1.2 percent compared to 2019. Unit value decreased by 9.9 percent to $2,742 per ton from $3,046 recorded for 2019. This decline reflects the relationship between World supply and demand with Ukraine and India as significant exporters.

 

 Japan was the leading importer based on a value of $32.0 million and a volume of 8,970 metric tons that represented 24.9 percent of the total U.S. exports of egg products, an increase of 1.5 percent compared with 2019. The high unit value of $3,567 per metric ton compares with the average value for all exports of $2,743 or $2,470 excluding Japan. The discrepancy in unit price reflects the product mix. With conclusion of a bilateral trade agreement the U.S. will no longer be at a competitive disadvantage with respect to the E.U. Japan was down in volume by 14.6 percent to 816 metric tons in December.

 

Mexico continued as the second-ranked importer based on volume in 2020. Mexico received the most volume of 9,774 metric tons comprising 27.1 percent of export volume and 19.1 percent of value with a unit price of $1,933 per metric ton. Imports of egg liquid by Mexico increased in 2020 by 52.7 percent over 2019. Mexico was up in volume by 25.3 percent to 877 metric tons in December.

 

Canada attained third in rank among importers purchasing 7,085 metric tons comprising 19.6 percent of volume and 14.3 percent of value with a low unit price of $2,004 per metric ton. During 2020 Canada increased volume by 11.4 percent and value increased 15.5 percent compared to 2019. During December 2020 Canada decreased volume by 3.5 percent compared to December 2019 to 485 metric tons.

 

Notable changes during 2020 included a 17.0 percent increase in exports to the UK+EU of 1,954 metric tons representing 5.4 percent of volume valued at $10.0 million at a unit price of $5,117 per metric ton. In December volume declined by 51.5 percent to 113 metric tons compared to December 2019. Unit value in December rose to $4,425 per metric ton, below the average for 2020.

 

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of negotiations to replace NAFTA led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018. The subsequently-modified agreement was ratified by the Parliament of Canada, 17 months after signing the basic trade pact and only after adoption by the U.S. Congress and the Senate of Mexico in late 2019. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017, $89.7 million in 2018 and $80.8 million in 2019.

 

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of either H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

 

Both the END outbreak in backyard flocks in southern California and the localized and limited LPAI outbreaks and one HPAI isolation in turkey flocks in the Carolinas are now officially over. In accordance with OIE principles embargos should not be imposed on either the states or counties affected.

 

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease in a region.