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Crop Progress

10/04/2021

Status of 2021 Corn and Soybean Crops

The USDA Crop Progress Report released on October 4th documented corn and soybean crop conditions to October 3rd compared to 5-year averages. This past week approximately 88 percent of the corn crop was mature, 11 percent ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty nine percent has been harvested. For soybeans 86 percent of the crop was dropping leaves ahead of the 5-year average and 34 percent has been harvested, an advance of 18 percent in a week.

 

Surface moisture levels were relatively higher during the past week over the corn-belt attaining an average of 23.2 percent for areas classified in the two lowest categories of “Short” and “Very short”. The severe drought in Western states and the Dakotas continues with extensive wildfires in the Northwest and low levels in the Colorado waterway and dams. Topsoil moisture in Iowa declined this past week to 46 percent compared to 36 percent last week in the two lowest moisture categories. High topsoil moisture levels consistent with rain at the time of harvest will result in higher moisture levels in corn with a propensity for mycotoxicosis.

 

Despite the variable levels of topsoil moisture among states, approximately 59 percent of the corn crop was classified by USDA under the “Good” and “Excellent” categories, unchanged from last week. The corresponding figure for soybeans was 58 percent, also unchanged from last week.

 

The ProFarmer Crop Tour completed four weeks ago, estimated corn yield to range from 175.2 to 178.8 bushels per acre with a mean value of 177.0 bushels per acre compared to the September WASDE value of 176.3 bushels per acre. This corresponded to a projected range for the 2021 corn harvest of 14.965 to 15.265 billion bushels with a mean value of 15.116 billion bushels compared to the September WASDE value of 14.996 billion bushels.

 

The ProFarmer Crop Tour estimated the soybean yield to range from 50.2 to 52.2 bushels per acre with a mean value of 51.2 bushels per acre compared to the September WASDE value of 50.6 bushels per acre. This corresponded to a projected range for the 2021 soybean harvest of 4.347 to 4.525 billion bushels with a mean value of 4.525 billion bushels compared to the September WASDE value of 4.374 billion bushels.

 

CHICK-NEWS and EGG-NEWS will report on the progress of the two major crops as monitored by the USDA through the end of the 2021 harvest in November.

 

Reference is made to the September 10th WASDE Report #616 and the Acreage Report retrievable under the STATS tab for projected 2021 acreage and yields. This data will be updated when WASDE #617 is released on Friday October 8th with a firmer projection of yields, ending stocks and markets.

 

 

WEEK ENDING

 

Crop

September 19th

September 26th

5-Year Average

Corn Dented (%)

Corn Mature (%)

Corn Harvested (%)

100

74

18

100

88

29

100

77

22

       

Soybeans Dropping leaves (%)

Soybeans Harvested (%)

75

16

86

34

80

26

       
         

Crop Condition

18 States

V. Poor

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Corn 2021 (%)

Corn 2020 (%) 1

1. Late planting

5

4

10

9

26

25

45

48

14

14

Soybeans 2021 (%)

Soybeans 2020 (%)1

1. Late planting

4

3

10

7

28

26

47

50

11

14

Parameter 48 States

V. Short

Short

Adequate

Surplus

Topsoil moisture %: Past Week*

17

29

50

4

Past Year

16

31

50

3

Subsoil moisture %: Past Week

20

30

47

3

Past Year

16

30

51

3

For topsoil moisture the major corn and soybean-producing states had an average of 23.2 percent in the “Very Short” and “Short” categories (last week 26.5 percent) with a range of zero percent for PA to 58 percent for both KS and IA.

  • Iowa 46% (was 36%)
  • Illinois 24% (was 40%)
  • Indiana 20% (was 20%)
  • Kansas 46% (was 58%)
  • Kentucky 14% (was 13%)
  • Michigan 8% (was 8%)
  • Missouri 41% (was 48%)
  • Ohio 10% (was 10%)
  • Pennsylvania 0% (was 0%)