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Egg Exports

11/06/2021

Export of Shell Eggs and Products, January-September 2021.

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-September 2021 with the corresponding months in 2020:-

 

PRODUCT

Jan.-Sept. 2020

Jan.-Sept. 2021

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

110.5

158.2

+47.7 (+43.2%)

Value ($ million)

90.1

159.7

+69.6 (+77.2%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.82

1.01

+0.19 (+23.2%)

Egg Products

     

Volume (metric tons)

27,975

27,255

-720 (-2.6%)

Value ($ million)

76.7

81.3

+4.6 (+6.0%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,742

2,983

+241 (+8.8%)

 

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING

JANUARY-SEPTEMBER 2021 COMPARED WITH 2020

 

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

 

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-September 2021 increased by 43.2 percent in volume and 77.2 percent in total value compared to the corresponding months in 2020. Unit value was 19.0 cents higher to $1.01 per dozen for the comparison between 2020 and 2021. The top two importers, Hong Kong and Mexico combined, represented 52.7 percent of volume and 43.3 percent of total value.

 

Mexico was the leading importer of shell eggs during January-September 2021 with 43.4 million dozen representing 27.4 percent of volume and 21.4 percent of total value corresponding to a unit value of $0.79 per dozen. Prospects for additional sales will depend on continued acceptance of washed, white-shelled eggs held under refrigeration for retail sale, first announced in September 2018 but implemented in late 2019. For January-September, 2021 imports of shell eggs by Mexico increased by 9.9 percent in volume and 31.1 percent in value compared January-September 2020. During September export volume to Mexico declined 4.4 percent from August 2021. For September 2021, 2nd ranked Mexico received 4.3 million dozen valued at $3.4 million.

 

Hong Kong was the second-ranked importer of shell eggs in January-September 2021, with 40.0 million dozen representing 25.2 percent of volume and 21.9 percent of the $159.7 million total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs. Average unit value was $0.88 cents per dozen, lower than the average prevailing nest-run USDA benchmark price during January-August 2021.

 

South Korea was the 3rd-ranked importer receiving 37.3 million dozen during February-September with 2.7 million dozen in February, 1.6 million dozen in both March and April, 5.1 million dozen in May 2021. Volume declined to 3.4 million dozen in June but increased to 4.0 million dozen in July rising successively to 8.1 million dozen in August and 9.3 million dozen with South Korea the leading importer for the past two months. The value for 2021 year-to-date was $45.8 million with a unit price of $1.23 per dozen. Importation of U.S. eggs is necessitated by severe losses in laying flocks due to H5N8 avian influenza. Flocks are being restored with an inevitable future decline in requirements.

 

Canada was 4th-ranked with increased imports of shell eggs during the first nine months of 2021 to 16.4 million dozen up 19.7 percent from 13.7 million dozen during the corresponding period in 2020 impacted by COVID. Value attained $17.2 million, 11.7 percent more than in January-September 2020 with a unit price of $1.01 per dozen. During September Canada imported 2.3 million dozen eggs. Canada imports shell eggs from the U.S to supplement domestic supply that is constrained by the national managed production program.

 

The Middle East Region imported 6.6 million dozen during January-September 2021 valued at $6.3 million with a unit price of $1.00 per dozen. Volume of 6.6 million dozen in 2021 was 25.0 percent lower than in January-September 2020. Southern E.U. nations in addition to India, Poland and the Ukraine have a competitive advantage in this market limited only by outbreaks of avian influenza, antibiotic residues and SE.

 

The Caribbean Region represented 2.6 percent of export volume and 4.9 percent of value for January-September 2021. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean apparently averaged $1.28 per dozen, ($1.22 during 2020). This is disproportionately high compared with the average export realization, most probably because a proportion of shell eggs enumerated may have been either fertile hatching eggs or enriched specialty eggs.

 

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during January-September 2021 decreased by 2.5 percent to 27,975 metric tons compared to 2020. Total value of $81.3 million was higher by 6.0 percent compared to January-September 2020. Unit value increased by 8.8 percent to $2,983 per ton from $2,742 recorded for January-September 2020. This fluctuation reflects the relationship between World supply and demand with Ukraine and India as significant exporters. During September 2021 the U.S. exported 3,137 metric tons of egg products valued at $9.8 million with a unit price of $3,124 per metric ton. Shipments in September were 10.5 percent higher than in August 2021 and 42.7 percent higher than September 2020

 

 Japan was the leading importer over the past nine months based on a value of $32.8 million and a volume of 9,393 metric tons that represented 34.5 percent of the total U.S. exports of egg products, an increase of 41.9 percent compared with the first nine months of 2020. The high unit value of $3,492 per metric ton compares with the average value for all U.S. exports of egg products with a unit value of $2,983 or $2,715 excluding Japan. The discrepancy in unit price reflects the product mix. With conclusion of a bilateral trade agreement the U.S. will no longer be at a competitive disadvantage with respect to the E.U. In September 2021 Japan imported 1,108 metric tons almost the same quantity as compared to August 2021.

 

Canada was the 2nd in rank among importers, purchasing 4,947 metric tons over the first nine months of 2021 comprising 18.2 percent of volume and 13.9 percent of value with a unit price of $2,284 per metric ton. During January-September 2021 Canada decreased volume by 5.8 percent and value by 11.7 percent compared to January-September 2020 reflecting restoration of the institutional and food service sectors. In September Canada was the 3rd- ranked importer with a 12.5 percent decrease in volume from August 2021 to 537 metric tons.

 

South Korea ranked 3rd among importers with 4,401 metric tons of egg products over January-September 2021 up 252.6 percent from 2020 due to a decline in domestic supply as flocks were depleted due to avian influenza. In September 2021 South Korea was second among importers with 656 metric tons valued at $1.5 million up 58.0 percent from August 2021 denoting higher domestic demand relative to the increasing supply from restored flocks.

 

Mexico was the 4th-ranked importer based on volume and 3rd ranked on value during January-September 2021. Mexico received a volume of 4,431 metric tons comprising 16.3 percent of export volume and 12.1 percent of value with a unit price of $2,212 per metric ton. Mexico reduced volume over the nine-month period compared to 2020 by 46.7 percent. In September Mexico was 4th- ranked receiving shipments of 302 metric tons, 15.6 percent less than in September 2020.

 

Notable changes during January-September 2021 included an 83.2 percent decrease in exports to the UK+EU to 282 metric tons representing 1.0 percent of volume valued at $4.2 million at a unit price of $1,489 per metric ton.

 

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of negotiations to replace NAFTA led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018. The subsequently-modified agreement was ratified by the Parliament of Canada, 17 months after signing the basic trade pact and only after adoption by the U.S. Congress and the Senate of Mexico in late 2019. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017, $89.7 million in 2018 and $80.8 million in 2019. During the first eight months of 2021 the value of shell eggs and egg products attained $64.3 million or 30.8 percent of combined export value.

 

In addition to landed cost, logistics and availability prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by disease considerations. Exports will be dependent on the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of outbreaks of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of either H5 or H7 avian influenza (AI), irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

 

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease in a region.