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Crop Progress

09/12/2022

Status of 2022 Corn and Soybean Crops

The USDA Crop Progress Report released on September 12th documented continued progress of both soybean and corn crops. Corn now corresponds closely to the 4-year average. Seventy seven percent of corn was at the dented stage on September 11th up from 63 percent last week and 25 percent of the crop was mature and five percent has been harvested. The fact that a high proportion of the corn crop was planted over a two-week period created widespread vulnerability to heat and drought at the critical stage of silking and this had an adverse impact on corn yield in severely affected areas.

 

Ninety seven percent of the soybean crop was setting pods on September 11th with 22 percent dropping leaves. Crop condition was similar to the corresponding week in 2021.

 

For the week ending September 11th topsoil and subsoil moisture levels are still lower than the corresponding week in 2021 although some central and easterly states in the corn-belt have had relief from drought.

 

EGG-NEWS will report on the progress of the two major crops as monitored by the USDA through November.  

 

 

WEEK ENDING

Crop

August 21st

August 28th

4-Year Average

Corn Dough (%)

Corn Dented (%)

Corn Mature (%)

Corn Harvested (%)

92

63

15

0

95

77

25

5

96

79

30

4

Soybeans Blooming (%)

Soybeans Setting Pods (%)

Soybeans Dropping Leaves (%)

100

94

10

100

97

22

100

98

28

Crop Condition

V. Poor

 Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Corn 2022

Corn 2021

9

5

 11

 10

27

27

41

44

12

14

Soybeans 2022

Soybeans 2021

5

4

10

 10

29

29

45

45

11

12

Parameter

V. Short

Short

Adequate

Surplus

Topsoil moisture: Past Week

19

31

48

3

Past Year

18

31

48

3

Subsoil moisture: Past Week

19

32

47

2

Past Year

20

31

47

2

 

During mid-July AccuWeather projected that drought and heat would reduce the corn crop to a range of 14,000 to 14,300 million bushels compared to the WASDE August value of 14,360 million bushels.

 

The 2022 ProFarmer Tour estimated the corn crop at 13,759 million bushels with an average yield of 168.1 bushels per acre. Their estimate of the soybean crop was 4,535 million bushels with an average yield of 51.7 bushels per acre.

 

The September 12th WASDE #628 estimated the average U.S corn yield at 172.5 bushels per acre with a 2022 harvest of 13,944 million bushels. The soybean yield was estimated to attain 650.5 bushels per acre with a 2022 harvest of 4,378 million bushels.

 

The September WASDE #628 is posted in this edition.