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Crop Progress

05/06/2024

Status of the 2024 Corn and Soybean Crops

 

The USDA Crop Progress Report released on May 5th documented planting and emergence for the 2024 soybean and corn season. Farmers experienced relatively wet conditions in five of the nine major states producing corn and soybeans through May 5th. Planting progressed in the “big-nine” (IL, IN, IA, KS, MI, MN, MO, NE and OH) with a collective average of 2.7 days suitable for field work, (last week 4.0 days) ranging from 1.3 days (MN) to 4.4 days (KS)

 

Based on the sum of the “adequate” and “surplus” categories, surface and subsoil moisture levels were higher than during the corresponding week in 2023. For the past week surface and subsoil moisture values were 78 and 70 percent for the two highest categories of ‘Adequate’ and ‘Surplus’. These levels were higher than the previous year with values of 75 and 65 percent respectively for the two highest categories, demonstrating an acceptable pre-planting situation.

 

It is to early in the expected transition to a La Nina event to predict any impact on crop condition in coming months. If prolonged dry and hot weather in corn and soy areas occurs, yield will be depressed depending on timing and severity.  A long-range forecast in the form of two charts is provided predicting rainfall and temperature during the growing season.

 

Reference is made to the April 11th WASDE Report #647 under the STATISTICS TAB and the weekly Commodity, Economy and Energy Report in this edition, documenting acreage to be harvested, yields, weekly prices and ending stocks. The May 10th WASDE will be reviewed in the May 17th edition.

 

  WEEK ENDING  

Corn Status (18 states)

March 31st  2024       

April 7th  2024

5-Year Average

Corn Planted (%)

27

36

39

Corn Emerged (%)

7 12 9
       
Soybean Status (18 states)      

Soybean planted (%)

18

25

21

Soybean Emerged (%)

0

9

4

       

 

Crop Condition 

(pending USDA reports)

V. Poor

Poor

Fair

Good Excellent

Corn  2024 (%)

         
Corn  2023 (%)          
           

Soybeans  2024 (%)

         
Soybeans  2023 (%)          

 

Parameter  48 States

V. Short

Short

Adequate

Surplus
Topsoil Moisture:        

Past Week

6

16

60

18

Past Year 10 20 59 11
Subsoil Moisture:        

Past Week

6

19

63

12

Past Year 13 22 57 8
         

EGG-NEWS will report on the progress of the two major crops as monitored by the USDA through to the end of the 2024 harvest in November.