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Consumers Confused by Labels Describing Housing and Feeding


A review of labels in stores catering to high-income demographics and discussion with both producers and retailers confirms confusion among consumers as to what is actually being offered. The outstanding issues are:-

  • Nutrition of flocks-Certified organic or non-GMO
  • Outside access- Occasional release; sun-porches; free-range; pasture with space allowances from 2 ft2 to 108 ft2 per hen

It is interesting that one producer has actually imprinted labels with a notation that
“All organic is GMO-free”. This is in recognition of the reality that GMO-free is growing at a rapid rate while growth in Certified Organic has reached a plateau.

There is overwhelming confusion among consumers as to outside access. Vital Farms, in an evident expression of frustration with outside access claims competing with their 108 ft2 pasture-housed standard initiated a controversial advertising campaign featuring a “No Bull**it” theme.

It is evident that AMS in cooperation with the egg industry will have to develop standards which must be followed by producers as an exercise in fair description. The situation with regard to the image and competitive status of the USDA-AMS Certified Organic seal is a more difficult proposition. Promotion of other than a brand is difficult and ultimately expensive. An attempt by the Organic Standards Board (OSB) to impose even greater outside access and thereby disqualify in-line operations providing access to sun porches has been deferred. The proposed action by the OSB in 2016 would have raised the cost of production and hence selling price, further reducing the attraction of “organic” against less expensive Non-GMO eggs and alternatives. 

(SMS 2,063-17 December 18th 2017)