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FDA Cites Juice Plant-How Many Like This One are out There?


The FDA has cited A.C. Calderoni and Company located in Brisbane, CA for deviations from standard procedures regulated under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

The FDA determined that juices produced by the plant were adulterated in that they were packed and held under insanitary conditions, potentially injurious to health. The warning letter cited the absence of an effective HACCP plan which failed to identify hazards including Listeria contamination. The plant failed to monitor conditions and practices with adequate frequency, neglected to maintain cleanliness of food contact surfaces, failure to label and store toxic chemicals or maintain records of the health of employees, water safety testing, or pest control. The plant apparently cleaned equipment only monthly.

It is incredulous that a plant in the U.S. operated with gross disregard of public health and failure to conform to established standards in the food industry. What is of concern is the fact that the deficiencies were disclosed on a routine plant inspection. Given the resources of the FDA and infrequent visits, it is questioned how many plants are flying under the Agency radar, functioning with imperfect HACCP plans representing a hazard to public health.

It is also questioned why the FDA is spending time and effort in inspecting egg production farms which have demonstrated conformity to the Final Rule on Salmonella Prevention. With limited resources the FDA appears to ignore gross defects in food plants both in the U.S. and in nations that supply fruit, seafood, produce and meat products which are more frequently associated with foodborne infection than U.S. origin eggs.