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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-February 2018.

04/13/2018

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-February 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-

PRODUCT

Jan.-Feb. 2017

Jan.-Feb. 2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

18.0

17.6

-0.4 (-2.2%)

Value ($ million)

17.3

21.2

+3.9 (+22.5%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.96

1.20

+0.24 (+25.0%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

6,250

6,485

+235 (+3.8%)

Value ($ million)

16.8

23.7

+6.9 (+41.1%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,688

3,654

+966 (+35.9%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN JANUARY-

FEBRUARY 2018 COMPARED WITH JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-February 2018 decreased by 0.4 percent in volume but increased 22.5 percent in total value compared to January-February 2017. Unit value was higher by 25.0 percent or 24 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top four importing nations represented 82.9 percent of volume and 74.1 percent of value.

Hong Kong was the leading importer, with 6.8 million dozen representing 38.6 percent of volume and 32.5 percent of value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of 1.01 cents per dozen.

Canada held second-place for January-February 2018 importing 4.2 million dozen, (23.9 percent of U.S. volume exported) at a value of $5.4 million (25.5 percent of total) and a unit value of $1.29 per dozen.

The Middle East Region including the UAE was third in rank during January 2018 with 14.2 percent of volume and 10.8 percent of value. Exports were transacted at a unit FOB price of 92 cents per dozen plus shipping. This is lower than the cost of domestic production given the local prices of feed, labor and fixed costs. A considerable proportion of UAE shipments are sold on to other Gulf and Central Asian nations.

The Caribbean Region represented 9.7 percent of export volume in January-February 2018. This region was down 48.5 percent in volume and 32.1 percent in value compared with January-February 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean increased 97 percent to $2.18 per dozen in January-February 2018 which appears to be disproportionally high compared to other markets.

Prospects for additional exports of shell eggs to South Korea are limited based on considerations such as price, shell color and intensity of yolk pigmentation as determined by consumer demand. South Korea appears to be experiencing a contained reoccurrence of H5N6 HPAI. The 2017 epornitic required depopulation of 25 percent of all commercial poultry before control was achieved. Restocking is largely complete but incident cases of H5N6 HPAI were reported from late November 2017 onwards. The infection was diagnosed in free-range ducks during January 2018 and subsequently in twelve chicken flocks.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during January-February 2018 increased by 3.8 percent and total value was higher by 41.1 percent compared to January-February 2017. Unit value increased by 35.9 percent to $3,654 per ton from $2,688 in January-February 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was increased by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-February 2018, Japan represented 31.8 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 6,485 m. tons, an increase of 3.8 percent.

Mexico was the 2nd-ranked importer with 1,137 m. tons representing 17.5 percent of volume and 14.3 percent of value at $3.4 million. Mexico increased volume in January-February 2018 by 10.7 percent and value by 7.0 percent compared to the corresponding months in 2017.

For January-February 2018, 3rd-ranked E.U-28 imported 747 m. tons of egg products, the same as the two corresponding month in 2017. Volume was presumably influenced by supply to demand disequilibrium due to shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination has now ceased as flocks have been replaced in Holland, Belgium and Germany

Restoration of normal supply of egg products relative to demand now prevails in the U.S. as the flocks of in-line breakers and their suppliers in Western E.U. nations have been completely repopulated.

COMMENTS

As the seventh round of NAFTA negotiations concluded in early March 2018 with only six of 30 Chapters agreed to, it is relevant to recognize that exports of shell eggs and egg products to our NAFTA neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017. In early April coincident with the Eighth Round the President expressed a desire to conclude negotiations expeditiously during May.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of H5 and H7 avian influenza irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. There were two reported incident cases of LPAI in commercial flocks in early March 2018. These were the first cases recognized for over ten months despite ongoing intensive surveillance. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a nationwide or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection. Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI.