Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-February 2019.


USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing the first two months of 2019 with the corresponding period in 2018:-


Jan.-Feb. 2018

Jan.-Feb. 2019


Shell Eggs


Volume (m. dozen)



-3.7 (-21.3%)

Value ($ million)



-6.9 (-32.5%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)



-0.18 (-14.8%)

Egg Products




Volume (metric tons)



-1,797 (-27.7%)

Value ($ million)



-8.6 (-36.3%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)



-434 (-11.9%)





Shell egg exports from the U.S. during the first two months of 2019 decreased by 21.3 percent in volume and 32.5 percent in total value compared to Jan.-Feb. 2018. Unit value was lower by 14.8 percent or 18 cents per dozen for the two-month comparison between 2018 and 2019. The top two importing nations represented 69.3 percent of volume and 67.1 percent of total value.

Hong Kong was the leading importer of shell eggs in Jan-Feb 2019, with 5.8 million dozen representing 42.3 percent of volume and 38.5 percent of the total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $0.95 cents per dozen.

Canada ranked second in imports during Jan.-Feb. 2019 with 3.7 million dozen representing 27.0 percent of volume and 28.7 percent of total value at $14.3 million with a unit value of $1.11 per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by their national controlled marketing system.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during Jan.-Feb. 2019 with 9.4 percent of volume and 7.0 percent of total value, with a unit value of $0.85 per dozen.

The Caribbean Region represented 10.2 percent of export volume for the first two months of 2019. This region was down 17.6 percent in volume and 48.6 percent in total value compared with 2018. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $1.36 per dozen for Jan.-Feb. 2019 ($1.93 over entire 2018) which appears inordinately high compared with the average export realization, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

The Middle East Region imported 1.0 million dozen during the first two months of 2019 valued at $0.9 million with a unit price of $1.11 per dozen. Volume and value were respectively lower by 60.0 percent and 60.9 percent compared with the corresponding period in 2018.

Israel emerged as an importer at the end of 2018 attributed to depletion of domestic flocks due to SE.


The total volume of exported egg products during Jan.-Feb. 2019 decreased by 27.7 percent and total value was lower by 36.3 percent compared to the same period in 2018. Unit value decreased by 11.9 percent to $3,221 per ton from $3,655 obtained during Jan.-Feb. 2018. This fall reflected the relationship between World supply and demand.

During Jan.-Feb. 2019, 1st-ranked Japan represented 26.7 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 1,255 m. tons, a decrease of 39.2 percent compared with the first two months of 2018.

Mexico was the second ranked importer during Jan.-Feb. 2019 receiving 1,154 metric tons comprising 24.6 percent of volume and 19.2 percent of value exported with a unit price of $2,513 per metric ton

Canada was displaced to the 3rd rank among importers purchasing 781 m. tons representing 16.7 percent of volume and 11.9 percent of value ($1.8 million) exported with a unit price of $2,305 per m. ton. During the two-month period in 2019 Canada decreased volume and value by 12.4 percent and 10.0 percent respectively compared to the corresponding period in 2018.

During the first two months of 2019, 5th-ranked E.U-28 imported 138 m. tons of egg products, representing 2.9 percent of the volume and 3.9 percent of value shipped during Jan.-Feb. 2019

South Korea, ranked 6th, posted a 72.3 percent lower volume for Jan.-Feb.2019 compared with the previous year that was influenced by HPAI outbreaks. Value declined by 79.2 percent with a unit price of $3,677 per m. ton that is in excess of the average value of $3,221 denoting a special product mix.


Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th to be subsequently ratified by the legislatures of all three signatories. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for 2017 and $89.7 million for 2018 and $9.9 million over the first two months of 2019.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The eleven-month ongoing series of incident cases of END in approximately 420 backyard flocks, predominantly fighting cocks. Extension of the infection to four commercial farms in Southern California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.