Egg Exports


Export of Shell Eggs and Products, January-November 2020.


USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing the first eleven months of 2020 with the corresponding period in 2019:-



Jan.-Nov. 2019

Jan.-Nov. 2020


Shell Eggs

Volume (m. dozen)



 -1.2 (-0.9%)

Value ($ million)



+5.5 (+5.2%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)



+0.06 (+7.7%)

Egg Products

Volume (metric tons)



 +3,560 (+12.0%)

Value ($ million)



+0.1 (+0.1%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)



-326 (-10.6%)





Shell egg exports from the U.S. during the past eleven months of 2020 decreased by 1.2 percent in volume but increased 5.2 percent in total value compared to January-November 2019. Unit value was 7.7 percent higher or 6 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2020 and 2019. The top two importers, Hong Kong and Mexico combined, represented 66.9 percent of volume and 58.2 percent of total value.


Mexico was the leading importer of shell eggs over January-November 2020 with 45.5 million dozen representing 34.2 percent of volume and 27.8 percent of total value corresponding to a unit value of $0.67 per dozen. Prospects for additional sales will depend on continued acceptance of washed eggs held under refrigeration for retail sale, first announced in September 2018 but implemented in late 2019. For January-November 2020 imports of shell eggs by Mexico increased by 79.1 percent in volume and 83.9 percent in value compared to January-November 2019. During November 2020 2nd-ranked Mexico imported 4.0 million dozen from the U.S., up 81.8 percent from November 2019 and valued at $3.3 million with a unit price of 83 cents per dozen, generally above the USDA benchmark nest-run production cost


Hong Kong was the second-ranked importer of shell eggs in January-November 2020, with 43.5 million dozen representing 32.6 percent of volume and 30.4 percent of the $111.1 million total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs. Average unit value was $0.78 cents per dozen, similar to the average prevailing nest-run USDA benchmark price during the first three quarters of 2020.


Canada was a distant third in rank as an importer during January-November 2020 with 18.7 million dozen representing 14.0 percent of volume and 18.4 percent of total value at $20.4 million with a unit value of $1.09 per dozen. Canada reduced volume by 57.5 percent during January-November 2020 compared to 2019. With the advent of COVID-19, April consignments of shell eggs were down 80.6 percent from 2019 and in May, June and July exports were negligible. During August 2020 exports resumed with 3.2 million dozen shipped followed by 4.2 million dozen in September, 4.0 million in October but a sharp decrease to 1.0 million dozen in November. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by a national controlled marketing system that reduced farmers’ quotas.


The Middle East Region imported 10.0 million dozen during January-November 2020 valued at $7.9 million with a unit price of $0.78 per dozen. Volume and value in January-November 2020 were respectively higher by 81.8 percent and 64.5 percent compared to January-November 2019. Southern E.U. nations in addition to India and Ukraine have a competitive transport advantage over the U.S in this market. Within the Middle East region the UAE ranked as the 4th largest importer from the U.S. with a volume of 6.1 million dozen. Israel did not import any appreciable quantity of U.S. shell eggs during September through November.


The Caribbean Region represented 6.3 percent of export volume for January-November 2020. This region was up 40.0 percent in volume and 32.9 percent in total value, an obvious improvement compared with January-November 2019. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean apparently averaged $1.25 per dozen, ($1.39 during 2019). This is disproportionately high compared with the average export realization, most probably because a proportion of shell eggs enumerated may have been either fertile hatching eggs or enriched specialty eggs.



The total volume of exported egg products during January-November 2020 increased by 12.0 percent and total value was higher by 5.2 percent compared to January-November 2019. Unit value decreased by 10.6 percent to $2,738 per ton from $3,064 recorded for January-November 2019. This decline reflects the relationship between World supply and demand with Ukraine and India as significant exporters.


 Japan was the leading importer based on a value of $29.1 million and a volume of 8,153 metric tons that represented 24.6 percent of the total U.S. exports of egg products, an increase of 3.5 percent compared with January-November2019. The high unit value of $3,570 per metric ton compares with the average value for all exports of $2,738 or $2,467 excluding Japan. The discrepancy in unit price reflects the product mix. With conclusion of a bilateral trade agreement the U.S. will no longer be at a competitive disadvantage with respect to the E.U. Japan was down in volume by 16.8 percent to 714 metric tons in November.


Mexico continued as the second-ranked importer based on volume in January-November 2020 Mexico received 8,896 metric tons comprising 26.8 percent of export volume and 18.6 percent of value with a unit price of $1,899 per metric ton. Imports of egg liquid by Mexico increased over the first eleven months of 2020 by 56.2 percent over 2019. Mexico was down in volume by 55.6 percent to 356 metric tons in November.


Canada attained third in rank among importers purchasing 6,599 metric tons comprising 19.9 percent of volume and 16.7 percent of value with a low unit price of $1,900 per metric ton. During January-November 2020 Canada increased volume by 56.1 percent and value increased 37.3 percent compared to the first eleven months of 2019. During November 2020 Canada decreased volume by 49.1 percent compared to November 2019 to 411 metric tons.


Notable changes over the first eleven months of 2020 included a 28.2 percent increase in exports to the UK+EU of 1,841 metric tons representing 5.6 percent of volume valued at $9.5 million and at a unit price of $5,160 per metric ton. In November volume declined by 75.2 percent to 64 metric tons compared to November 2019. Unit value rose to $4,687 per metric ton.



Successful conclusion of negotiations to replace NAFTA led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018. The subsequently modified agreement was ratified by the Parliament of Canada, 17 months after signing the basic trade pact and only after adoption by the U.S. Congress and the Senate of Mexico in 2019. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017, $89.7 million in 2018 and $80.8 million in 2019.


Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of either H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.


Both the END outbreak in backyard flocks in southern California and the localized and limited LPAI outbreaks and one HPAI isolation in turkey flocks in the Carolinas are now officially over. In accordance with OIE principles embargos should not be imposed on either the states or counties affected.


Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease in a region.