• Commodity prices were mostly down this past week with corn ending substantially lower continuing the trend of the previous week. Factors influencing prices in either direction included:-
    • Part restoration of operation of shipments from lower Mississippi export terminals following Hurricane Ida. Some installations have been repaired and with power are unloading barges and preparing to load bulk carriers. (moderate upward pressure)
    • Delay in post-Ida cleanup caused by heavy precipitation from Hurricane Nicholas along the Gulf. (mild downward pressure)
    • Release of the September 10th WASDE (limited downward pressure);
    • Results of the ProFarmer crop review (downward pressure)
    • Lower than anticipated export sales especially to China (downward pressure);
    • Moderation of drought in many counties in the corn belt and especially in Iowa (moderate downward pressure);
    • Drought in Brazil causing a low Safrinha (second) crop (upward pressure);
    • Restoration of shipments from Argentina albeit at lower than normal volume (moderate downward pressure);
    • Central government of China attempting to stabilize prices of pork and corn (downward pressure).


Projected harvests and ending stocks in the U.S. were updated in the September 10th WASDE especially since there is greater clarity on acreage and the effects of weather and trade to date on ending stocks. Annual field assessment of crop conditions by ProFarmer scouts was released three weeks ago with yield projections similar to the September WASDE. The USDA is conducting evaluation of crop conditions..


  • U.S producers are now receiving and conversely livestock producers in the Midwest will pay above $5.00 per bushel for corn and crushers will pay $12.80 per bushel for soybeans plus transport and basis in September. Corn was down 2.5 percent this past week and soybeans were down <0.1 percent for September delivery. Soybean meal was up 1.2 percent for September delivery compared to last week reflecting the decline in the price of soybeans and suspension of exports from lower Mississippi terminals following Hurricane Ida.
  • The FAS Export Report released on September 16th for the week ending September 9th reflecting market year 2021-2022, confirmed that outstanding export orders for corn for the new market year amounted to 24.22 million metric tons (954 million bushels) with 0.30 million metric tons (14.2 million bushels) actually shipped. During the past week orders for the 2021-2022 market year amounted to 0.25 million metric tons (9.9 million bushels). For market year 2022-2023 outstanding sales amounted to 0.33 million metric tons (13 million bushels) with sales of 23,000 metric tons ((0.9 million bushels)
  • The FAS Export Report released on September 16th for the week ending September 9th reflecting market year 2021-2022 recorded outstanding export orders for soybeans amounting to 22.0 million metric tons (807 million bushels) with 0.26 million metric tons (9.5 million bushels) actually shipped. Weekly soybean orders attained 1.26 million metric tons (46.2 million bushels)
  • During the week ending September 9th 95,400 metric tons of soybean meal and cake were ordered for the market year 2021-2022, up 57 percent from the previous week. The quantity shipped, presumably from other than Gulf terminals amounted to 57,100 metric tons up 29 percent from the previous week.


The following quotations for delivery in the months as indicated were posted by the CME at 13H00 on September 16th 2021, compared with values posted at close of trading on September 9th 2021 (in parentheses):-



Corn (cents per bushel)

Dec. 530 (516)

March ‘22. 538

Soybeans (cents per bushel)

Nov. 1,294 (1,288)

March ’22. 1,306

Soybean meal ($ per ton)

Dec. 339 (343)

March ’22. 348


Changes in the price of corn, soybeans and soybean meal over five trading days this past week were:-



Corn: Dec. quotation up 14 cent per bushel (+2.7 percent)

Soybeans: Nov. quotation up 6 cents per bushel (+0.5 percent)

Soybean Meal: Dec. quotation down $4 per ton (-1.2 percent )


The USDA weekly wholesale feedstuffs prices expressed per short ton posted on September 14th (with previous week in parentheses) were:-

  • Corn: $175 ($175), Chicago
  • Soybean Meal: $344 ($341), Central Illinois
  • Meat and Bone Meal: $385 ($390), Central Midwest
  • DDGS: $198 ($198), Eastern corn belt
  • For each 10 cent per bushel change in corn:-

The cost of egg production would change by 0.45 cent per dozen

The cost of broiler production would change by 0.25 cent per pound live weight

  • For each $10 per ton change in the price of soybean meal:-

The cost of egg production would change by 0.44 cent per dozen

The cost of broiler production would change by 0.25 cent per pound live weight

The changes in the prices of corn and soybean meal for September 14 th compared with September 9th USDA weekly quotations would increase nest-run production cost for eggs by 0.4* cents per dozen and for broilers 0.3* cents per live pound extending the decrease from the previous week .


Year-to-date, escalation in the prices of major ingredients has added 3.5 cents per dozen eggs and 2.1 cents per live-weight lb. to broiler production cost

*(rounded to 0.1cent)

According to the September 10th WASDE, corn harvested in calendar 2021 will attain 14,996 million bushels with ending stocks projected at 1,408 million bushels, up 13.4 percent from the 1,242 million bushels in the August 2021 WASDE Report. Values will be updated reflecting production, ongoing export volumes and domestic use in the October WASDE report, approaching harvest. Total corn stocks as at June 1st amounted to 4.11 billion bushels down 18 percent from June 1st 2020. Compared with the September 9th value, the CME quotation for corn at 13H00 on September 16th for December 2021 delivery was up 14 cents per bushel to 530 cents.


The social restrictions imposed in the U.S. as a result of COVID-19, that are now being lifted, reduced ethanol demand by 1.5 billion gallons or 10 percent of projected 2020-2021 requirement, accepting a nominal ten percent addition to gasoline. This past week 74.9 percent of the U.S. ethanol fermentation volume was operational, based on January U.S. Energy Information Administration (U.S. EIA) capacity data. The outlook for increased production will depend on higher domestic demand in addition to increasing approximately 25 percent of production that is exported. The industry received an adverse ruling from SCOTUS in late June invalidating year-round sales of E-15 approved previously by the EPA. According to the U.S. EIA, for the week ending September 10th the industry produced on average 937,000 barrels per day, up 2.7 percent above the week ending September 3rd 2021, but the ninth successive week under 1 million gallons per day. On September 10th ethanol stock was 2.0 percent below the previous week at 20.0 million barrels, representing an approximately 20-day reserve and confirming higher demand.


Ethanol was priced at $2.21 per gallon on September 16th, 1 cent below the constant value over the previous 13 weeks and compared with a five-year low of $0.92 per gallon on March 26th 2020 during COVID restrictions. Concurrently RBOB gasoline at $2.21 per gallon (quoted, New York Harbor) was up 7 cents per gallon (3.3 percent) from the previous week, reflecting an increased WTI crude price to $72.69 per barrel. The effect of suspension of offshore Gulf operations and refining in Louisiana has yet to be quantified. Gasoline is now the same price as ethanol but with a 63 percent higher BTU rating.


With most plants among the 201 that were operational on January 1 st 2021 now functioning, DDGS is freely available but commanded a higher price than in the first and second quarters of 2021. Eastern Corn-belt DDGS was priced at $198 per ton on September 14th 2021, unchanged from the previous week and $39 per ton more expensive than on September 8th 2020. Generally DDGS is currently incorporated at low inclusion levels, if at all, in egg-production formulas based on high price relative to the nutrient contribution of corn and other ingredients. This will change as corn and hence DDGS fluctuates in price.


Soybeans continue to be the beneficiary of export demand by China and other nations in addition to domestic livestock production. The CME price for November delivery at 13H00 on September 16th was higher by 6 cent per bushel to 1,294 cents compared to 1,288 cents per bushel on September 9th. The USDA projected a 2021 crop of 4,374 million bushels. Ending stocks according to the September 10th 2021 WASDE projection will be 185 million bushels, up 19.4 percent from the August WASDE Report. Total soybean stock as at June 1st amounted to 767 million bushels down 44 percent from June 1st 2020 indicating the extent of exports.


According to a release on September 16th by the National Oilseed Processors Association, 159 million bushels of soybeans were crushed in August compared to 155 million bushels in July. Lower crushings in recent months is attributed to extended maintenance in anticipation of the fall harvest. On September 14th 2021 soybean meal quoted central Illinois was priced at $344 per ton, $3 per ton lower than the previous week and compared to $307 per ton on September 8th 2020.


On September 14th 2021 Meat and Bone meal quoted Central U.S. was $385 per ton, down $5 per ton from the previous week but compared to $220 per ton on September 8th 2020.


On September 16th the conversion of CNY 1 to the BRL was 0.81 BRL, down CNY 0.01 from the previous week. The conversion of US$1 to the CNY was 6.67, unchanged from the previous week.


For consecutive calendar years 2017 through 2019 the U.S. supplied 34.4 percent of soybean requirements for China amounting to 95.5 million metric tons. This was followed by a decline to 16.9 percent of 88.5 million metric tons in 2018 and 16.6 percent of 88.0 million metric tons in 2019. The USDA anticipated that soybean imports by China would have attained 95 million metric tons during the 2020-2021 market year but in reality only 60.3 million tons was shipped through August 2021.


For the 2019/2020 market year China imported 2.1 million metric tons of corn from the U.S., 4.8 percent of total exports of 43.3 million tons, but 12 percent less than in the 2018/2019 market year. The USDA-FAS documented sales of U.S. corn to China through late August 2021 during the 2020/2021 year amounting to 73 million metric tons (2,876 million bushels) with 93 percent shipped.


For the 2019/2020 market year China imported 16.3 million metric tons of soybeans from the U.S., 36.2 percent of total exports of 44.9 million metric tons, but 3.9 percent less than in the 2018/2019 market year.



Subscribers are referred to the August 12th 2021 WASDE #615 and the Crop Progress, Grain Stocks and Planned Acreage reports under the STATISTICS Tab.