Egg Exports

01/07/2022

 

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-October 2021 with the corresponding months in 2020:-

 

 

 

PRODUCT

Jan.-Oct. 2020

Jan.-Oct. 2021

Difference

Shell Eggs

Volume (m. dozen)

121.9

173.4

+51.5 (+42.2%)

Value ($ million)

100.6

174.4

+73.8 (+73.4%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.83

1.01

+0.18 (+21.6%)

Egg Products

Volume (metric tons)

30,623

29,653

-970 (-3.2%)

Value ($ million)

83.9

87.9

+4.0 (+4.8%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,740

2,964

+224 (+8.2%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING

JANUARY-NOVEMBER 2021 COMPARED WITH 2020

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

 

SHELL EGGS

 

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-November 2021 increased by 39.1 percent in volume and 67.4 percent in total value compared to the corresponding months in 2020. Unit value was 16.0 cents higher to $1.00 per dozen for the comparison between 2020 and 2021. The top two importers, Hong Kong and Mexico combined, represented 54.5 percent of volume and 46.6 percent of total value.

 

Mexico was the leading importer of shell eggs during January-November 2021 with 51.0 million dozen representing 27.6 percent of volume and 21.9 percent of total value corresponding to a unit value of $0.80 per dozen. For January-November, 2021 imports of shell eggs by Mexico increased by 12.1 percent in volume and 31.7 percent in value compared January-November 2020. During November 2021 export volume to Mexico decreased 30.0 percent from November 2020. For November 2021, 2nd ranked Mexico received 4.6 million dozen valued at $4.3 million.  

 

Hong Kong was the second-ranked importer of shell eggs over January-November 2021, with 49.8 million dozen representing 26.9 percent of volume and 23.7 percent of the $185.9 million total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs. Average unit value was $0.88 cents per dozen, comparable with the average prevailing nest-run USDA benchmark price during January-November 2021. In November Hong Kong imported 4.6 million dozen valued at $4.3 million, higher respectively by 9.5 percent in volume and 13.2 percent in value compared to November 2020.

 

South Korea was the 3rd-ranked importer receiving 37.3 million dozen during February-November with monthly quantities ranging from 1.6 million dozen in March to 8.1 million dozen in August. There were no meaningful exports of shell eggs in either October or November. Value for 2021 year-to-date was $45.9 million with a unit price of $1.23 per dozen. Importation of U.S. eggs was necessitated by severe losses in laying flocks due to H5N8 avian influenza. Flocks have been restored with a corresponding decline in requirements although recent new outbreaks of HPAI have been confirmed.

 

 

Canada was fourth-ranked with increased imports of shell eggs during the first eleven months of 2021 to 21.5 million dozen, up 15.0 percent from 18.7 million dozen during the corresponding period in 2020 impacted by COVID. Value attained $22.2 million, 7.5 percent more than in January-November 2020 with a unit price of $1.03 per dozen. During November, Canada imported 2.2 million dozen eggs down 26.7 percent from the previous month. Canada imports shell eggs from the U.S to supplement domestic supply that is constrained by the national managed production program.  

 

The Middle East Region imported 8.7 million dozen during January-November 2021 representing 4.7 percent of U.S shell exports and valued at $8.5 million with a unit price of $0.98 per dozen. Volume in 2021 was 13.0 percent lower than for January-November 2020. Southern E.U. nations in addition to India, Poland and the Ukraine have a competitive advantage in this market limited only by outbreaks of avian influenza, antibiotic residues and SE. During November the UAE imported 0.7 million dozen at a unit price of $1.00. Israel imported 0.2 million dozen at a unit price of $1.5 million. Given the extensive outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza in Israel during December imports by Israel will increase substantially during the first half of 2022.

 

The Caribbean Region represented 4.1 percent of export volume at 7.6 million dozen and 5.2 percent of value at $9.7 million during January-November 2021. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean apparently averaged $1.28 per dozen, ($1.22 during 2020). This is disproportionately high compared with the average export realization, most probably because a proportion of shell eggs enumerated may have been either fertile hatching eggs or enriched specialty eggs.

 

 

EGG PRODUCTS

 

The total volume of exported egg products during January-November 2021 decreased by 3.0 percent to 32,135 metric tons compared to 2020. Total value of $97.2 million was higher by 7.2 percent compared to January-November 2020. Unit value increased by 10.5 percent to $3,025 per ton from $2,738 recorded for January-November 2020. This fluctuation reflects the relationship between World supply and demand with Ukraine and India as significant exporters. During November 2021 the U.S. exported 2,482 metric tons of egg products valued at $9.3 million with a unit price of $3,746 per metric ton. Shipments in November were 3.5 percent higher than in October 2021 and 1.0 percent lower than November 2020

 

 Japan was the leading importer over the first eleven months of 2021 based on a value of $38.0 million and a volume of 10,912 metric tons that represented 34.0 percent of the total U.S. exports of egg products, an increase of 33.4 percent compared with the first eleven months of 2020. The high unit value of $3,452 per metric ton compares with the average value for all U.S. exports of egg products with a unit value of $3,025 or $2,789 excluding Japan. The discrepancy in unit price reflects the product mix. With conclusion of a bilateral trade agreement the U.S. will no longer be at a competitive disadvantage with respect to the E.U. In October 2021 Japan imported 782 metric tons 6.1 percent more than in October 2021 and 9.5 percent more than in November 2020.

 

Canada was the second in rank among importers, purchasing 6,589 metric tons over the first eleven months of 2021 comprising 20.5 percent of volume and 15.1 percent of value with a unit price of $2,230 per metric ton. During January-November 2021 Canada maintained an equivalent volume but increased value by 12.2 percent compared to January-November 2020. This reflected restoration of the institutional and food service sectors. With the decline of South Korea as an importer during November 2021, Canada was the second-ranked importer with a 56.9 percent increase in volume from November 2020 to 692 metric tons but a 27.2 decrease from the previous month.

 

 

South Korea ranked 3rd among importers with 4,913 metric tons of egg products over January-November 2021 up 231.7 percent from 2020 due to a decline in domestic supply as flocks were depleted due to avian influenza. In November 2021 South Korea was third among importers with 262 metric tons valued at $1.1 million up 11.1 percent from October 2021 and 47.2 percent higher than November 2020, denoting continued demand despite higher domestic supply from restored flocks.

 

 

Mexico was the fourth-ranked importer based on volume and value during January-November 2021. Mexico received a volume of 4,802 metric tons from the U.S. comprising 14.9 percent of export volume and 11.4 percent of value with a unit price of $2,312 per metric ton. Mexico reduced volume over the eleven-month period compared to 2020 by 46.0 percent. In November Mexico was 4th- ranked receiving shipments of 229 metric tons, 18.7 percent less than in November 2020.

 

 

Notable changes during January-November 2021 included an 80.8 percent decrease in exports to the UK+EU to 347 metric tons representing 1.1 percent of volume valued at $6.0 million at a unit price of $1,729 per metric ton.

 

COMMENTS

 

Successful conclusion of negotiations to replace NAFTA led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018. The subsequently-modified agreement was ratified by the Parliament of Canada, 17 months after signing the basic trade pact and only after adoption by the U.S. Congress and the Senate of Mexico in late 2019. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $89.7 million in 2018, $80.8 million in 2019 and $76.9 million in 2020. During the first eleven months of 2021 the value of shell eggs and egg products attained $88.7 million or 31.3 percent of combined export value.

 

In addition to landed cost, logistics and availability prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by disease considerations. Exports will be dependent on the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of outbreaks of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of either H5 or H7 avian influenza (AI), irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection. Canada and the U.S. operate according to a 2018 bilateral agreement to maintain trade in the event of outbreaks of catastrophic exotic diseases including HPAI and END.

 

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease in a region.






































































































































































































Top