Egg Projection


Updated September 2023 USDA Projection for U.S. Egg Production and Consumption.


On September 18th the USDA Economic Research Service issued updated values for egg production during 2022 with a projection for 2023 and a forecast for 2024. Production, consumption and prices were only slightly revised from the previous July 18th 2022 report.


Projected egg production for 2023 was reduced 0.6 percent from the August Report to 7,885 million dozen This will be 1.3 percent higher than in 2022 due to replacement of a proportion of the hens depleted due to HPAI over the period extending from early spring through mid-December 2022. The per capita consumption of shell eggs and liquids combined for 2023 was 0.4 percent lower than in the August report to 280.0 eggs but up 1.0 egg (0.4 percent) from 2022. The average 2023 benchmark New York bulk unit price was up 2.0 percent at 187 cents per dozen. This was 33.5 percent lower than in 2022 attributed to a comparison with unseasonal high prices from the end of March through the 2nd Quarter of 2023.


Subsequent USDA projections will provide greater clarity on the recovery of consumption in an economy that is impacted by moderating inflation. The Bureau of Labor Statistics recorded a rise of 3.7 percent in the Consumer Price Index for August with a 0.2 percent increase in the food component month-over-month. The 2023 Midwest in-carton wholesale price peaked at $5.17 per dozen on January 3rd 2023 but fell precipitously to a market bottom of $0.78 per dozen on May 8th attaining $1.64 on September 15th This was above the USDA/EIC projection of the combined nest run August cost at 83 cents per dozen plus processing and packaging at 57 cents per dozen amounting to $1.40 cents per dozen.


Restoration in flock size at a rate of approximately 0.6 million per week is progressing but limited by the availability of pullet chicks for replacement and the rate of conversion to alternative housing systems. The cost of ingredients will influence margins and may result in cessation of production by some small-scale producers as negative margins prevail through summer. Unpredictable factors affecting price will include the extent of possible losses in the fall due to a reemergence of avian influenza; the supply and cost of ingredients as influenced by events in Ukraine; easing drought in the Midwest; increasing exports of eggs and products and the duration of current higher domestic consumer demand.

The forecast for 2024 includes a production of 8,145 million dozen, down 3.3 percent from 2023. Consumption will attain 287.5 per capita up a speculative 7.5 eggs or 2.7 percent above the projection for 2023. This will naturally depress prices with the NY-Large price dropping by 38.9 cents per dozen or 20.7 percent from the average for 2023.


In 2022 egg exports as shell and products combined attained 226.5 million dozen shell-equivalents, or 4.3 percent of production, down 42.2 percent from 392.0 million dozen or 4.9 percent of production in 2021. During 2022 egg imports as a result of HPAI depopulation, some in shell form but predominantly products attained 25.9 million dozen shell-equivalents, up 42.8 percent from 14.9 million dozen or 26.4 percent from 2021. For the first seven months of 2023 shell egg exports were up 10.7 million dozen, or 26.4 percent compared to the corresponding seven months in 2022 attaining 51.3 million dozen. Egg products were up 31.7 percent to 19,220 metric tons compared to the same period in 2022.


September 2023 USDA data is shown in the table below:-














% Difference



Production (m. dozen)







Consumption (eggs per capita)







New York price c/doz.)







Source: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook released September 18th 2023


Subscribers to EGG-NEWS are referred to the postings depicting weekly prices, volumes and trends and the monthly review of prices, exports and related industry statistics.